Below we mention the most common hair transplant techniques used by professionals.
The DHI technique to treat alopecia, is described by many as an innovative way, since the obtaining of the hair follicle and its implantation is done almost simultaneously, avoiding incisions in the patient.
An “implanter” is used for this process, which is a tool with a hollow needle where the donor’s hair enters, and a pushing device that places it in the patient’s follicle.
With DHI, the hair transplant experience is less ‘painful’.
This is thanks to the use of sedation supervised by an anesthesiologist, who administers anesthesia locally.
While the hair transplant process is a painless procedure, many patients suffering from needle phobia opt for this method to feel more comfortable and relaxed.
FUSS or FUT technique (Strip technique)
This technique is one of the first to be applied to treat alopecia.
It consists of surgically extracting a strip of skin from the neck region, whose measure is 1 cm wide and about 15 to 20 centimeters long.
The donor area is sutured by another technique called trichophytic, which is a type of stitch whose scar is almost undetectable, being able to hide with the hair itself.
The strip of skin removed is then taken to a microscope, to individually remove the hair follicles.
The graft is implanted in the recipient area where alopecia occurs.
This technique is the one that allows to have a greater number of follicles for transplantation, and is mostly used in men or women with extensive alopecia, that is to say those with very large areas to be treated, in addition, hair should not be shaved.
This technique is considered the most economical in the market, but its recovery is later, since the stitches are removed 10 or 12 days after the operation.
FUE Technique (Follicular Unit Extraction)
It is currently the most used technique in the market for the rapid recovery of patients after the operation and for further concealing the treatment.
The most marked difference with respect to FUSS is the way in which hair follicles are removed.
With the FUE technique, an apparatus is used to remove the implant.
Then, to fix it to the patient, a scalpel is used with which microchannels will be opened and proceed to implant “hair by hair” all the implants obtained.
This technique is usually used mostly in men who want to wear a shorter haircut.
FUE Safer and Sapphire
The FUE technique has two variants that allow different results to be obtained.
With the Safer system, the FUE technique is carried out with an automated device, which minimizes damage to the micrografts, so the end result is much better.
The FUE technique with sapphire is the same as the traditional FUE, only a precious stone blade is used instead of the metal one.
Sapphire allows more precise cuts to open the microchannels, the trauma to the skin is minor and the formation of scabs is almost min.
This technique is more expensive than the FUSS because its postoperative period is shorter, the trauma in the treated area is also small and can be returned to everyday life almost immediately.
An appointment with the specialist will establish what technique is best suited to the degree of alopecia of the person.
Recall that the hair transplant procedure is laborious. Its estimated duration is 6 to 8 hours, depending on the degree of alopecia of the person and the technique to be used.
Although it is an outpatient process, care is required to ensure a satisfactory outcome.
Both techniques are good for treating alopecia, only the way follicles are removed. The preparation and implementation phases are almost identical.